The word “university” derives from the Latin phrase universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which roughly translates as a “community of teachers and scholars”. These institutions of higher (or tertiary) learning and research typically offer both undergraduate and postgraduate programs in different schools, or faculties of learning, and award degrees in several academic disciplines. The first universities were created in Europe by Catholic Church monks, the first of which (namely, The University of Bologna) was founded in 1088.

On the other hand, a “college” (Latin: collegium) is an educational institution, or a constituent part of one, that may be a degree-awarding or offer vocational education.

Some well-known colleges and universities today include:

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