The “modern novel” marks a distinctive break with Victorian bourgeois morality, rejecting 19th-century optimism for a profoundly pessimistic picture of culture in disarray, often resulting in apathy and moral relativism.
Match these important 20th-century novels with their settings (which are listed at the bottom):
- Joseph Conrad’s novella The Heart of Darkness (1902).
- Upton Sinclair’s realist novel The Jungle (1906).
- D. H. Lawrence’s autobiographical novel Sons and Lovers (1913).
- James Joyce’s modernist novel Ulysses (1922).
- F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “Jazz Age” tragedy The Great Gatsby (1925).
- William Faulkner’s “Southern Gothic” novel The Sound and the Fury (1929).
- Aldous Huxley’s dystopian novel Brave New World (1932).
- Jean-Paul Sartre’s philosophical novel Nausea (1938).
- John Steinbeck’s realist novel The Grapes of Wrath (1939).
- Albert Camus’s absurdist novella The Stranger (1942).
- George Orwell’s political satire Animal Farm (1945).
- George Orwell’s dystopian social science fiction novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949).
- Ernest Hemingway’s novella The Old Man and the Sea (1951).
- J.D. Salinger’s realist novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951).
- William Golding’s allegorical novel Lord of the Flies (1954).
- Vladimir Nabokov’s erotic novel Lolita (1955).
- Chinua Achebe’s modern African novel Things Fall Apart (1958).
- Harper Lee’s “Southern Gothic” novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1960).
- Joseph Heller’s satiric novel Catch-22 (1961).
- Kurt Vonnegut’s science-fiction-infused antiwar novel Slaughterhouse-Five (1969).
Choice of settings:
a. Bouville, France
b. Between Oklahoma & California
c. The fictional “super-state” of Oceania
d. Dresden, Germany
e. Mediterranean island of Pianosa, Italy
f. Chicago, Illinois
g. Algiers, Algeria
h. Long Island, New York
i. Dublin, Ireland
j. New York City, New York
k. The fictional city of New London, England
l. Jefferson, Mississippi
m. An uninhabited island in the Pacific Ocean
n. The fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama
o. Near Willingdon, England
p. A village near Havana, Cuba
q. The Congo River in Africa
s. A string of motels throughout North America
t. The Nottinghamshire coalfields, England
[* Answers are listed upside-down below.]