The flag of Grenada was adopted in 1974, after gaining independence from the United Kingdom. The design is framed by a red stripe with three yellow five-pointed stars on both the top and bottom. Together, these six stars stand for the island’s six administrative districts. The central part is divided into four fields by two diagonal lines, with the left and right fields being green and the upper and lower fields being yellow. In the center, there is a red circle with a seventh star inside, representing the capital city of Saint George’s. In the green field to the left, a nutmeg (the major commodity of the island) is displayed in yellow and red.
Designed by a local Grenadian, the flag utilizes the colors of the Pan-African movement. The green, yellow, and red color-scheme was also inspired by the Ethiopian flag, paying tribute to the oldest independent country in Africa and the only nation, apart from Liberia, to maintain its sovereignty during the “Scramble for Africa”. The colors and symbols of the flag also carry cultural, political, and regional meanings:
- The green epitomizes the islands’ vegetation and agriculture
- The yellow evokes the sun, as well as the warmth and wisdom of the Grenadian people
- The red represents harmony, unity, courage, and vitality