Adopted in 1976, and designed in part by vexillologist Whitney Smith (who originated the term in reference to “the study of the history, symbolism, and usage of flags”), the flag of the southern Caribbean island of Aruba simply consists of:
- A field of “Larkspur” blue;
- Two narrow parallel horizontal “Bunting” yellow stripes in the bottom half; and
- A red four-pointed star, outlined in white, in the canton (or upper hoist side)
In terms of the colors:
- Blue signifies the sea that surrounds the island
- Yellow represents abundance (specifically, Aruba’s past gold industry, as well as its present aloë vera and tourism industries). It also stands for the local flora that display blossoms of yellow flowers (such as Tabebuia billbergii, Haematoxylon brasiletto, Parkinsonia aculeata, Peltophorum acutifolium, and Caesalpinia pulcherrima, among others). The horizontal yellow stripes symbolizes Aruba’s freedom and separate position within the Kingdom of the Netherlands dating from 1986.
- White stands for peace and the purity of the hearts of Aruban people, who strive for justice, order and liberty.
- Red signifies love and is also an homage to the indigenous Arubans that died at Frenchman’s pass during a confrontation with the French for the liberty of the island. Red is also one of the colors of the Union Jack. The four-pointed star represents the four points of the compass and symbolizes the multiple origins of the Aruban population, which were attracted from all over the world.