New Jersey State Flag

Although officially recognized in 1896, the design of the New Jersey state flag can be traced back to 1779, when Gen. George Washington directed that the colors for his regiment’s coats be dark blue faced with buff (a light yellow-brown), in honor of the original Dutch settlers.

Designed in 1777, the coat of arms in the center is composed of a blue shield with three plows on it. It is supported by two goddesses on either side:

  • To the left is the Goddess of Liberty, holding a staff with the cap of freedom.
  • To the right is Ceres (the Goddess of Agriculture), holding a cornucopia full of food. Due to the state’s rich agricultural tradition, it has earned the nickname “the Garden State”.

Beneath the goddesses is a blue ribbon with the state motto “Liberty and Prosperity” as well as the date “1776”. Above the shield, a knight’s helmet represents state sovereignty, while a horse’s head denotes both speed and strength.

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